On Communications

Updated Unofficial translation

The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 5 July 2004 No. 567.

      Footnote. Through the whole text, the word “publicly available” is supplemented by the word “universal” by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 03.07.2014 No. 230-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

      This Law establishes legal grounds for activity in the field of communications in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, determines the powers of state bodies on regulation of this activity, right and obligation of individuals and legal entities rendering or using the services of communications.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Designation of communications

      1. Communications is integral part of economic and social infrastructure of the Republic of Kazakhstan designated for satisfying the individuals and legal entities and ensuring of necessity of safety, defence, protection of legal order, state bodies in the services of communications.

      2. Means of communications and computer technology, as well as means of information systems are the technical base of ensuring the process of collection, processing, storage and distribution of information.

      Footnote. Article 1 as amended by the Law dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 2. Basic definitions used in this Law

      The following basic definitions shall be used in this Law:

      1) a subscriber – an individual or legal entity with whom a contract for rendering communication services has been concluded;

      2) service information about subscribers (hereinafter-service information) - information about subscribers intended solely for the purposes of counterintelligence activities and operational-investigative activities on communication networks and including:

      information about subscriber numbers, including information about individual identification numbers (for individuals) or business identification numbers (for legal entities) of the owners of subscriber numbers;

      information about identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication, including information about individual identification numbers (for individuals) or business identification numbers (for legal entities) of owners of subscriber devices of cellular communication;

      billing information (information about the services received by the subscriber);

      location of the subscriber device in the network in accordance with the requirements of technical regulations;

      addresses in the data network;

      addresses of access to the Internet resources in the data network;

      identifiers of the Internet resource;

      data network protocols;

      3) exchange connection – communications line that is a part of local network of telecommunications and connecting subscriber’s device with the means of telecommunications of this network;

      4) subscriber’s device – means of communications of individual use forming the signals of electrical communications for transfer and receipt of information required by the subscriber and connected to the service provider network;

      4-1) subscriber number transfer – a service for the storage and use of a subscriber number in cellular communication networks, provided to the subscriber upon conclusion of a new contract on provision of cellular communication services with another mobile operator;

      4-2) centralized database of subscriber numbers – hardware and software complex for managing a database containing information about the subscriber numbers of cellular communication, including information determined by the rules for transferring subscriber number in cellular communication networks;

      4-3) operator of the centralized database of subscriber numbers – organization which provides formation, functioning, maintenance and development of the centralized database of subscriber numbers and provides access to its resources;

      4-4) certifying center of information security – a legal entity determined by the Committee for National Security of the Republic of Kazakhstan, issuing security certificates in electronic form

      5) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      6) channels of courier service and special postal service - a set of postal networks, subdivisions of courier service and special postal service used for sending special items accompanied by couriers;

      7) special items – registered packages, parcels, hardware with attachment of state secrets or information of state bodies containing official information of limited distribution, and their carriers, as well as products, their components (substances) and goods of the defense industry;

      8) universal service operator – communication operator providing communication services, which in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan is obliged to provide universal communication services;

      9) universal communication services – a minimum list of communications services which is fixed in the telecommunications sector and postal services developed by the authorized body and approved by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the provision of which to any user of communication services in any settlement within a specified period of time with an established quality and price level, ensuring the availability of these services shall be obligatory for the operators of universal service;

      10) communications – receipt, collection, processing, storage, transfer (carriage), delivery, distribution of information, postal and special packages, postal money transfers;

      11) communications channel – set of means of telecommunication and transmission medium ensuring transfer of the signal between the means of telecommunications in the frequency band or with the speed of transmission being typical for this communications channel. Depending on the type, the communications channels are divided into telephone, telegraph, data transfer, and on territorial sign – international, intercity, zone and local;

      12) communications network – technological system including the means and lines of communications and intended for telecommunications or postal communications;

      13) communications network management – set of organizational technical measures oriented to ensuring of the functioning of communications network, including regulation of the load flow (traffic);

      14) communications lines – transmission lines (cable, radio-relay, satellite and others), physical circuits and line cable communications installations, including main line )international and intercity);

      15) communications services – activity on receipt, processing, storage, transfer, carriage, delivery of postal and special packages, postal money transfers or messages of telecommunications;

      16) rendering of communications services – the activity of communications providers that is to provide the communications services to users listed in the general classifier of products of economic activity;

      17) user of communications services – the individual or legal entity receiving the communications services;

      18) communication operator – an individual or a legal entity registered on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, providing communication services and (or) operating communication networks;

      19) economic entities carrying out the activity in the field of communications – communications providers, owners of special, departmental and corporative telecommunications networks, separate switching equipment connected to the communications network of common use, owners of radio electric means being the users of radio-frequency spectrum;

      20) national resources in the field of communications – resources of radio frequencies, numeration and orbital slots of satellite communications;

      21) dominant communication operator - a communication operator occupying a dominant (monopoly) position in the field of communications in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of competition protection;

      22) billing- a hardware and software complex designed for automatic execution of operations of accounting services provided to subscribers, as well as their charging and billing for payment;

      23) standard interconnection (connection) point – means of telecommunications intended for interconnection of one network to the other with the use of standard technical specifications and in accordance with the standard form contract of interconnection;

      24) connecting line – set of technical means including the communications line and parts of exchange equipment ensuring interaction between interconnecting and interconnected telecommunications networks;

      25) interconnection service – the activity oriented to satisfying the necessities of communications providers in organization of interaction between the communications networks upon which the establishment of connection and transmission of information between users of interacting networks becomes possible;

      26) internetwork connections – interaction of telecommunications networks being the results of rendering the service of interconnection of one telecommunications network to another;

      26-1) network traffic (hereinafter – traffic) - the amount of information transmitted and received through a telecommunications network for a certain period of time;

      27) local telecommunications network – network and means of telecommunications intended for carrying out the electrical communications in the territory of inhabited locality. Local telecommunications networks shall be divided into city and rural depending on the status of inhabited locality;

      28) system of time-based cost accounting of local telephone connections (hereinafter – time-based accounting of local telephone connections) – set of technologies of the accounting methods of local telephone connections ensuring calculation of the payment sums for using the services of local telecommunications network;

      29) assignment (designation) of the frequency band, radio frequencies (radio frequency channel) – permission for using the radio frequency spectrum issued by the relevant radio frequency body to the user of the radio frequency spectrum for using the frequency band, radio frequencies (radio frequency channel) specified in this permission, with the use of radio electronic means;

      30) high frequency devices – equipment and (or) devices intended for generation and use of electromagnetic energy in industrial, scientific, medical, domestic or other purposes with the exception of applying in the field of telecommunications;

      30-1) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      30-2) Internet traffic – the amount of information transmitted and received through the Internet connection for a certain period of time;

      30-3) Internet traffic exchange point – hardware and software complex for transmission (exchange) of Internet traffic of operators of long-distance and (or) international communication on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      31) cable-conduit line – set of underground pipes and wells designed for routing, assembling and technical maintenance of the communications cables;

      32) coded communications – protected communications with the use of documents and coding technology;

      32-1) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 18.03.2019 No. 237-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of twenty-one calendar days after its first official publication);

      32-2) system of centralized management of telecommunications networks of the Republic of Kazakhstan- a set of organizational and technical measures for formation of control parameters and control over their execution, including hardware and software complex and communication channels for centralized management of telecommunications networks;

      33) intercity communications line – communications line connecting intercity switching stations of the communications provide in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      34) intercity communications provider – fixed line communications provider owning and (or) operating intercity communications line, intercity switching stations and rendering the services of intercity telephone communications;

      35) intercity and international communications provider – fixed line communications provider owning and (or) operating intercity and international communications lines, intercity and international switching stations and rendering the services of intercity and international telephone communications on a traffic transit and provision of network resources to other communications operators;

      36) intercity telephone communications – telephone interconnection between users of the communications services being in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the exception of local telephone communications;

      36-1) security certificate – a set of electronic digital symbols used to pass traffic containing protocols that support encryption;

      36-2) secure communication-a type of electrical communication using special means of information protection (coded communication, secret communication, encrypted communication);

      37) confidential communications – protected communications with the use of encrypting devices;

      38) combined payment service system – payment system upon which the sum of payments of the communications user for particular period consists of:

      direct component – payment for provision of exchange connection independently from its type in sustained use of the subscriber and particular quantity of tariffication units of local connections;

      periodical component – payment for provision of telephone connection depending on its actual duration in tariffication units;

      39) time-based service payment system – service payment system upon which the sum of payments of the communications user for particular period of time includes the payment for provision of telephone connection depending on its actual duration in tariffication units;

      39-1) short text and multimedia message – service rendered by the cellular communications provider on receipt and transmission of information by cellular communications network;

      40) main communications line – ground (cable, including fiber-optic, radio-relay) or satellite communications line connecting zone (intercity) and (or) international switching stations of telecommunications networks of the Republic of Kazakhstan and foreign states;

      40-1) state technical service – republican state enterprise on the basis of the right of economic management created under decision of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      40-2) servants of state dispatch service – the citizen of the Republic of Kazakhstan from among the employees of dispatch service that is assigned by the special rank;

      40-3) state radio frequency service – a republican state enterprise on the right of economic management created by the decision of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      41) numbering resource – set of numbers used in communications networks;

      42) telecommunications network of common use – telecommunications network available for use by individuals and legal entities;

      43) postal communications – receipt, processing, carriage and delivery of postal and special packages, as well as postal money transfer;

      44) postal matters – written correspondence, parcels, postal containers, as well as printed publications in the relevant packing;

      44-1) presidential communication – special electric communication to ensure the activities of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      45) amateur radio service – service of radio communications for the purpose of self-education, intercommunication and technical researches carried out by the individuals having the relevant permission;

      46) radio control-a system of measures ensuring the operation of radio electronic means and high-frequency devices with an acceptable level of interference by performing technical control of radio emissions, inspection of radio electronic means and high-frequency devices, detection and suppression of sources of radio interference, violations of the order of use of radio frequencies, documents on standardization and standards for radiation parameters of radio electronic means and high-frequency devices;

      47) radio frequency bodies – state bodies authorized to carry out distribution, allotment and assignment of the frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels), as well as control of their use in accordance with this Law;

      48) radio-frequency spectrum – particular set of radio frequencies in a range from 3 kHz to 400 GHz;

      49) use of radio frequency spectrum – individual or legal entity assigned (appointed) by the frequency band or radio frequency (radio frequency channel);

      50) conversion of radio frequency spectrum – set of measures oriented to expansion of using the radio frequency spectrum by radio electronic means of civil purpose;

      51) radio electronic mean – technical mean designated for transmission and (or) receipt of radio frequencies and consisting of one or several transmission and (or) receiving devises or their combinations including support equipment;

      52) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication)

      53) tariffication unit – unit of time keeping, quantity or volume of information for which the payment for the relevant type of communications service is charged, being compulsory for communications providers and network owners of all the categories included to the single network of telecommunications of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      54) protected zone of telecommunications networks – land plot located along the communications line and around the communications objects with the vegetation and structures being on it;

      55) telecommunications network-a set of telecommunications and communication lines, providing the transmission of telecommunications messages, consisting of switching equipment (stations, substations, hubs), line-cable structures (subscriber lines, connecting lines and communication channels), transmission systems and subscriber devices;

      56) owner of telecommunication networks – the individual or legal entity that owns the part of telecommunications network of common use and (or) the relevant category of the unified telecommunications network;

      57) means of telecommunications (means of communications) – technical devices, equipment, systems and program means allowing to form, transfer, receive, store, process, commutate electromagnetic or optical signals and manage them;

      58) interconnection of one telecommunications network (communications means) to another – organization of technological interaction between two telecommunications networks upon which it is possible to establish connection and transfer information between the users of communications services of these networks;

      59) telecommunications messages – information transferred with the aid of telecommunications means;

      60) subscriber fixed service payment system of telephone connections (hereinafter – subscriber service payment system) – service payment system upon which the sum of payments of the communications user for particular period of time includes the payment for provision of exchange connection independently from its type in permanent use of the subscriber and payment for provision of local telephone connection independently from its average duration in a calculation for one subscriber;

      61) translation – primary signal propagation of tele-,radio channels with the use of technical means of telecommunications;

      62) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016);

      63) traffic transmission – carrying out of the process of establishment of connection and transmission of information between the users of the communications services (telecommunication networks);

      64) direct drive – physical line being a part of local telecommunications network ensuring direct link between the means of telecommunications;

      64-1) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      65) authorized body – central executive body determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan carrying out implementation of the state policy in the field of communications, state control, coordination and regulation of the activity of persons providing and using the services in the field of communications;

      65-1) organizational and technical event – a set of means, methods and solutions intended for organization, creation, management, improvement and operation of telecommunications networks;

      66) cellular communication – a type of electrical communication using the division of the served territory into a number of cells, providing the possibility of continuity of communication when a subscriber moves from cell to cell and intended for bilateral (multilateral) exchange of information transmitted through radio waves;

      67) cellular communications provider – communications provider rendering the services of cellular communications in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      67-1) operator of the database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication – a legal entity, determined in accordance with this Law, which ensures formation, operation, maintenance, support and development of the database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication and provides access to these resources;

      67-2) a database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication- a hardware and software complex for managing a database containing data on:

      individual identification numbers (for individuals) or business identification numbers (for legal entities) of owners of subscriber devices of cellular communication;

      identification codes subscriber devices of cellular communication;

      subscriber numbers used by subscriber devices of cellular communication;

      67-3) a subscriber device of cellular communication – a means of communication for individual use generating electric signals for transmitting or receiving information specified by the subscribers and connected to the network of the cellular operator, not having a permanent geographically determined location within the service area, operating in cellular communication networks;

      67-4) identification code of a subscriber device of cellular communication – a code assigned by the manufacturer to the a mobile subscriber device, which is transmitted to the network of the mobile operator when the device is connected to it;

      68) government communications – special protected communications for the requirements of the state management;

      69) dispatch communications – type of government courier service ensuring receipt, preservation, carriage and delivery of correspondence of the state bodies including the details that are the state secrets;

      70) physical line –metal wires or optical fibers creating guiding medium for transfer of telecommunications messages;

      71) international communications lines – communications lines crossing the border of the Republic of Kazakhstan or having the point of junction on the border of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the communications line of the communications provider of another country and connecting international switching station of the communications provider of the Republic of Kazakhstan with international switching stations of the communications providers of other states;

      72) international communications provider – provider of the sized communications owning and (or) operating international communications line, international switching station and rendering the services of international telephone communications;

      73) international telephone communications – telephone connection between the users of communications services being in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and the users of the communications services in the territory of another state;

      73-1) international traffic pass – implementation of the process of establishing connection and transmitting information between the international switching station of the operator of international communication of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the international switching stations of communication operators of other states;

      73-2) international junction point – means of telecommunications, designed to connect the international switching station operator of international communications of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the international switching stations of communication operators of other states;

      74) terminating equipment – technical means for transfer or receipt of the signals of telecommunications in the communications lines connected to the exchange connections and being in use of the subscribers or designed for mentioned purposes;

      75) encrypted communications – protected communications with the use of hand ciphers, cipher machines and special means of computer technology;

      76) cryptographic operation – set of legal, organizational and technical measures carried out by the authorized state bodies, bodies of military administration, national security and internal affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan oriented to protection of details that are the state secrets of the Republic of Kazakhstan subjected to the transfer by networks of encrypted, secured and coded communications with the use of the relevant encryption means;

      77) electrical communications (telecommunications) – transfer or receipt of signs, signals, voice information, written text, images, sounds by wired, radio, optic and other electromagnetic systems;

      78) electromagnetic compatibility – capability of technical mean to function with requested quality in requested electromagnetic environment and not to create inadmissible electromagnetic interference to other technical means.

      Footnote. Article 2 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 23.04.2012 No. 14-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 27.04.2012 No. 15-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its official publication); dated 10.07.2012 No. 34-V (shall be enforced from the date of its first official publication); dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 21.06.2013 No. 107-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication); dated 23.04.2014 No. 200-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication); dated 29.10.2015 № 376-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 09.04.2016 No. 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 24.05.2018 No. 156-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 05.10.2018 No. 184-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after its first official publication); dated 18.03.2019 No. 237-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of twenty-one calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 3. Legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications

      1. Legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan, consists of this Law and other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. If the international treaty ratified by the Republic of Kazakhstan establishes other rules than those contained in this Law, the rules of international law shall be applied.

Chapter 2. State regulation and control of the activity
in the field of communications

Article 4. State regulation and control of the activity in the field of communications

      1. State regulation and control of the activity in the field of communications shall be carried out on the basis of legal groundwork, licensing of separate types of activity, control of compliance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications.

      2. State management in the field of communications shall be carried out by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and authorized body.

      3. State control of compliance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications shall be carried out by the authorized body.

      Footnote. Article 4 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011).

Article 5. Basic definitions of the state regulation of activity in the field of communications

      The principles of the state regulation of activity in the field of communications are:

      1) protection of rights and legal interests of the users of communications services, economic entities carrying out the activity in the field of communications;

      2) creation of conditions for rendering universal communication services;

      3) liberty of transmission of messages through the networks and means of telecommunications, liberty of acceptance, delivery and transit of postal matters;

      4) equality of the rights of individuals and legal entities to participate in the activity in the field of communications and use of its results;

      5) fair competition;

      6) ensuring of safety, reliability and manageability of communications considering the network technological special aspects on the basis of common standards in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      7) assistance in expansion of international cooperation in the field of communications, integration into the world communications system;

      8) ensuring of the centralized management of national resources in the field of communications.

      Footnote. Article 5 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29 December 2006 No. 209 (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 09.04.2016 № 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 6. Main tasks of the state regulation and control of activity in the field of communications

      Main tasks of the state regulation and control of activity in the field of communications are:

      1) carrying out the state policy in the field of communications for effective functioning of the communications services market;

      2) carrying out the state regulation and control of activity in the field of communications;

      3) development of suggestions and implementation of main directions and priorities of development and improvement of communications of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      4) protection of rights and legal interests of individuals and legal entities, as well as national resources of the state.

Article 7. Competence of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan

      Competence of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications shall include:

      1) development of main directions of the state policy in the field of communications and organization of their carrying out;

      2) ensuring of development of international cooperation in the field of communications, delegation of powers on these questions on authorized body;

      3) development and implementation of the state policy in the field of distribution of radio-frequency spectrum, as well as effective use of radio frequencies and orbital slots of satellite communications;

      4) approval of the order of preparation and use of telecommunications networks of common use, resources of single telecommunications network for the needs of state bodies, bodies of defence, security and protection of legal order of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      5) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);

      6) approval of the order of holding the competitions for receipt of licenses for carrying out the entrepreneurial activity on rendering of communications services;

      7) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      8) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);

      9) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);

      10) determination of order and amounts of single payment for carrying out of entrepreneurial activity on rendering of services in the field of communications with the use of radio frequency spectrum;

      11) approval of provision on the state dispatch service of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as samples of uniform outfit;

      12) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      13) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);

      14) approval of the Rules for conducting a tender on definition of universal service operators, including calculation of the amount of subsidies and the procedure for imposing by the authorized body the obligation to provide universal services on communication operators, requirements for communication operators on rendering universal communication services, and the List of universal communication services;

      14-1) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);

      14-2) approval of the rules of conducting the conversion of radio frequency spectrum and method of feasibility study of expenses for conducting the conversion of radio frequency spectrum;

      14-3) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 18.01.2012 No. 546-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication);

      14-4) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 18.01.2012 No. 546-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication);

      14-5) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);

      14-6) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);

      14-7) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);

      14-8) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);

      14-9) is excluded by the Constitutional Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 03.07.2013 No. 121-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      14-10) approval of the rules for interaction in the operation of special technical equipment on the territory of the institutions of the penal (penitentiary) system;

      15) performance of other functions imposed on it by the Const5itution, Laws and acts of the president of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Footnote. Article 7 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29 December 2006 No. 209 (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 29.12.2010 No. 373-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); dated 18.01.2012 No. 546-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication); dated 27.04.2012 No. 15-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); by the Constitutional Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 03.07.2013 No. 121-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication); dated 24.11.2015 № 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 09.04.2016 № 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2017 № 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 8. Competence of the authorized body and its territorial subdivisions

      1. Competence of the authorized body shall include:

      1) implementation of the state policy in the field of communications, including the distribution and use of national resources in the field of communications, as well as participation within its competence in the field of technical regulation, ensuring the unity of measurements and standardization in the field of communications and ensuring its implementation;

      2) carrying out the state regulation and control of activity in the field of communications within the competence;

      3) organization of development of suggestions and realization of the main directions and priorities of development and improvement of communications of the Republic of Kazakhstan, quality improvement, increase of availability and stability of functioning;

      4) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 13.01.2014 No. 159-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);

      5) planning and effective use of radio frequency spectrum;

      6) creation of conditions for functioning of the communications services market within the competence;

      6-1) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);
      6-2) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);
      6-3) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);
      6-4) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);
      6-5) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);
      6-6) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);
      6-7) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      6-8) approval of methods of measurement of technical parameters of quality for communication services;

      6-9) approval of the rules of interaction of state bodies on compliance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in telecommunications networks;

      7) management of national resources in the field of communications;

      8) development and adoption within its competence of regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications, including the rules of operation of radio-electronic means, high-frequency devices, their import into the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the rules of rendering communication services;

      8-1) carrying out the radio control and conduct of inspections of using the radio frequency spectrum by individuals and legal entities carrying out the activity in the field of communications, and compliance with qualification requirements by communications providers to the subjects carrying out the rendering of services in the field of communications and the rules of rendering the communications services;

      8-2) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.05.2018 No. 156-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      8-3) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.12.2014 No. 269-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2015);

      8-4) distribution, assignment (application) of a frequency band, radio frequency (radio frequency channel) to civilian users, issuance of permits of a to ship station, including the assignment of a call sign;

      8-5) approval of the rules of subscriber number transfer in cellular networks and the date of introduction of subscriber number transfer service in cellular networks;

      8-6) approval of the rules for the provision of cable ducts for use;

      8-7) carrying out quality control of communication services provided by communication operators;

      8-8) approval of the rules for registration of cellular subscriber devices;

      9) licensing of activity in the field of communications;

      10) approval of the types and volumes of issuance of state postage stamps;

      11) access to the objects of communication of the economic entities performing activity in the field of communication and using a radio frequency spectrum for carrying out checks in accordance with the established procedure on presentation of the official certificate, except for the objects of telecommunications networks of special purpose;

      12) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.06.2013 No. 107-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication);

      13) shutdown of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices in case of absence of the notification on the beginning of operation of radio-electronic means and (or) high-frequency devices and (or) non-compliance of technical characteristics with the established norms;

      14) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011);

      15) direction of instructions upon detection of violation of the requirements of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications;

      16) consideration of applications of individuals and legal entities on the issues of regulation of relations in the field of communications;

      17) coordination of regulatory legal acts establishing the requirements oriented to ensuring of the national security in the field of communications with bodies of the national security, as well as carrying out the coordination of activity of communications providers jointly with bodies of the national security on the issues of ensuring the national security in the field of communications;

      18) maintenance of registers of the national resources and communications providers;

      19) approval of the rules of interconnecting the telecommunications networks to the telecommunications network of common use and regulation of the traffic transmission through the telecommunications network of common use of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      19-1) development of technical regulations in the field of communications;

      19-2) implementation of regulation and control in the spheres of natural monopolies in the field of telecommunications and universal postal services;

      19-3) carrying out the state regulation of prices for goods (works, services) of market entities holding dominant (monopoly) position at the market of telecommunications services and postal services in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      19-4) conduct of analysis of goods market for the purpose of ensuring the non-discriminatory access to the goods (works, services) and infrastructure of market entities in the field of telecommunications and postal communications;

      19-5) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 18.01.2012 No. 546-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication);

      19-6) development of qualification requirements to the subjects carrying out rendering of services in the field of communications;

      19-7) issuance of conclusions on import to the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices of civil purpose, including built-in or included in other goods, in cases other than import;

      19-8) approval of requirements to telecommunication networks of the operator of long-distance and (or) international communication;

      19-10) approval of qualification requirements and the list of documents confirming the conformance of the applicant to carrying out the activity on rendering of services in the field of communications;

      19-11) approval of the rules of protection of telecommunications networks in the Republic of Kazakhstan including the procedure for establishment of protective zones and work operation mode in there;

      19-12) approval of the rules of assignment of frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels), operation of radio electronic means and high frequency devices, as well as conduct of calculation of electromagnetic compatibility of radio electronic means of civil designation;

      19-13) approval of the rules of interconnection and interaction of telecommunications networks including the traffic transmission and procedure for settlement payments;

      19-14) approval of the rules of rendering of communications services;

      19-15) approval of the rules for operation of electronic means of amateur radio services;

      19-16) approval of technical regulations in the field of communications;

      19-17) development and adoption within its competence of regulatory legal acts in the field of regulation and control in the areas of natural monopolies and in regulated markets in the field of telecommunications and universal postal services, including rules for the separate accounting of income, expenses and assets involved by entities natural monopolies, instructions for calculating the rate of return on the regulated base of assets involved;

      19-18) the issuance of permits provided for by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On Permits and Notifications", subject to the exceptions provided for by subparagraph 7) of paragraph 2 of Article 3 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On Permits and Notifications";

      19-19) consideration of draft documents on standardization within the competence, as well as preparation of proposals for the development, modification, revision and abolition of national, interstate standards, national classifiers of technical and economic information and recommendations on standardization for submission to the authorized body in the sphere of standardization;

      20) other powers provided by this Law, other Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan, acts of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. Competence of territorial subdivisions shall include:

      1) carrying out the state control of control of fulfilling the requirements of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications at the relevant administrative territorial entity;

      2) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.05.2018 No. 156-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      3) direction of instructions upon detection of violation of the requirements of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communication;

      4) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      5) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      6) shutdown of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices for civilian purpose in case of absence of the notification on the beginning of operation of radio-electronic means and (or) high-frequency devices and (or) non-compliance of technical characteristics with the established norms;

      7) control of performance of organizational technical measures on ensuring the electromagnetic compatibility of electronic means and high frequency devices;

      8) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.05.2018 No. 156-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      9) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 13.01.2014 No. 159-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication);

      9-1) carrying out the radio control and conduct of inspections of using the radio frequency spectrum by individuals and legal entities carrying out the activity in the field of communications, and compliance with qualification requirements by communications providers to the subjects carrying out the rendering of services in the field of communications and the rules of rendering the communications services;

      9-2) control of compliance with qualification requirements by communications providers to the subjects carrying out the rendering of services in the field of communications, rules of rendering the communications services, the rules of rendering the postal services and rules of applying the postmark on postal matters in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      9-3) inspection of the networks device and structures of telecommunications and postal communications for compliance with technical regulations and requirements on organizing their technical operation in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      9-4) detection and suppression of operation of the radio electronic means and high frequency devices acting with the breach of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications;

      9-5) ensuring of compliance with requirements of regulatory legal acts on organizing the operation of objects of postal communications and service of the users of communications services;

      9-6) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.05.2018 No. 156-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      9-7) receipt of notifications on the beginning or termination of operation of radio-electronic means and (or) high-frequency devices, including radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices of amateur radio services;

      10) other functions in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Footnote. Article 8 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 31.01.2006 No. 125; dated 29.12.2006 No. 209 (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 27.07.2007 No. 316 (shall be enforced from the date of its official publication); dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 29.12.2008 No. 116-IV (shall be enforced from 01.01.2009); dated 17.07.2009 No. 188-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 19.03.2010 No. 258-IV; dated 28.12.2010 No. 369-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 29.12.2010 No. 373-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 06.01.2011 No. 378 (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); dated 15.07.2011 No. 461-IV (shall be enforced from 30.01.2012); dated 18.01.2012 No. 546-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication); dated 27.04.2012 No. 15-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 21.06.2013 No. 107-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication); dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 13.01.2014 No. 159-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication); dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication); dated 29.12.2014 No. 269-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2015); dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 22.12.2016 № 28-IV (shall be enforced from 01.07.2017); dated 28.12.2016 No. 34-VI (shall be enforced from 01.01.2017); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 24.05.2018 No. 156-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 05.10.2018 No. 184-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after its first official publication)..

Article 9. Radio frequency bodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan

      1. Radio frequency bodies carrying out distribution, allocation and assignment of frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels) in the Republic of Kazakhstan are:

      authorized body of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      central executive body of military administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. Main functions of the authorized body upon regulation of radio frequency spectrum are:

      1) development of regulatory legal acts on the issues of distribution and use of radio frequency spectrum on use of radio electronic means and high frequency devices within the competence;

      2) organization of works on technical examination of allocated frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels);

      3) issuance of permits for the use of radio frequency spectrum on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan for radio-electronic means and (or) high-frequency devices of civilian purpose;

      4) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      5) suspension of operation of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices in cases of their non-compliance with the established documents on standardization and technical standards, creating a threat to the safety of citizens, the environment, as well as in the performance of particularly important works and activities in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      6) carrying out the radio control in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      7) organization of measures on elimination of radio noises of radio electronic means, including the radio electronic means of international organizations and foreign states acting in accordance with the international treaties;

      8) carrying out the assignment of frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels) and performance of measures on international coordination of radio frequencies accordance with the Radio Regulations of the International Telecommunication Union;

      9) maintenance of electronic data base of assigned radio frequency bands of civil designation;

      10) is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

      3. Central executive body of military administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan in accordance with the national Table of distribution of frequency bands shall conduct required coordinations on allocation and use of radio frequency spectrum within the ranges of joint use for radio electronic means of civil designation, as well as ensure carrying out of regulation of using the radio frequency spectrum and the relevant radio electronic means for the purpose of ensuring the needs of defence and safety of the state.

      Footnote. Article 9 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.12.2006 No. 209 (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); dated 15.07.2011 No. 461-IV (shall be enforced from 30.01.2012); dated 27.04.2012 No. 15-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 21.06.2013 No. 107-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 05.10.2018 No. 184-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after its first official publication).

Article 9-1. State monopoly in the field of communications

      1. The state radio frequency service shall carry out the following activities related to the state monopoly in the field of communications:

      1) technical support for the performance of works when the authorized body controls the quality of communication services, including the quality control of reception by the public of television and radio channels, as well as monitoring of radio frequency spectrum and identification of radio-electronic means and high frequency devices operating in violation of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications;

      2) technical support of maintaining the register (database) of radio-electronic means and radio-frequency assignments;

      3) calculation of electromagnetic compatibility of radio-electronic means;

      4) technical support of activities for international coordination of radio frequency resources and orbital positions of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      5) ensuring the formation, operation, maintenance and development of a database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication and a centralized database of subscriber numbers, providing access to them.

      2. Prices for goods (works, services) produced and (or) sold by the subject of state monopoly shall be established by the authorized body in concurrence with the antimonopoly body.

      Footnote. Chapter 2 is supplemented by Article 9-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10.07.2012 No. 34-V (shall be enforced from the date of its first official publication); as amended by the Constitutional Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 03.07.2013 No. 121-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication); dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 22.12.2016 № 28-VI (shall be enforced from 01.07.2017); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 9-2. State monopoly in the sphere of information security ensuring

      1. The state technical service shall carry out the following types of activity related to the state monopoly in the sphere of information security ensuring:

      1) technical support of the system of centralized management of telecommunications networks of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as international junction points;

      2) organization and technical support of the Internet traffic exchange points of long-distance and international communication operators on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as connection of networks of long-distance and international communication operators to the Internet traffic exchange point.

      Note of the RCLI!
      Paragraph 1 is provided to supplement by paragraph 3) in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 18.03.2019 No. 237-VI (shall be enforced from 01.01.2020).

      2. Prices for goods (works, services) produced and (or) realized by the subject of state monopoly shall be established by the Committee for National Security of the Republic of Kazakhstan in coordination with the antimonopoly body.

      Footnote. Chapter 2 is supplemented by Article 9-2 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); as amended by the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 18.03.2019 No. 237-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of twenty- one calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 10. Competence of local executive bodies

      1. Akimat of the oblast (city of republican significance, the capital) shall:

      1) determine and develop with the territorial subdivisions of the authorized body and territorial subdivisions of the authorized state bodies of military administration, national security and internal affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, carrying out activities in the relevant administrative-territorial unit, plans for construction of communication facilities, communication lines and other objects of engineering infrastructure, except for the networks of subdivisions of governmental and presidential communication;

      2) the list of objects of social significance jointly with the communications providers for provision of gratuitous connections to subscribers with the compensation of the relevant expenses to communications providers in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      3) allocate non-living premises for production objects of postal operators in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as render assistance to postal operators in placing the production objects at their territory;

      4) carry out the other powers in behalf of local state management imposed on local executive bodies by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. Akim of district in the oblast (city of republican significance, the capital), city of district significance, village, rural settlement, rural district shall make proposals to the akim of oblast (city of republican significance, the capital) on organizing the rendering of communications services at the relevant administrative territorial entity for inclusion to the development plans of the oblast (city of republican significance, the capital).

      Footnote. Article 10 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); by the Constitutional Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 03.07.2013 No. 121-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after its first official publication).

Article 11. Regulation of using radio frequency spectrum and orbital positions of the satellite communications

      1. Regulation of using radio frequency spectrum and orbital positions of the satellite communications is in exceptional competence of the state.

      Regulation of using radio frequency spectrum shall be carried out by radio frequency bodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan and represents the set of legal, economic, organizational and technical measures oriented to effective use of radio frequency spectrum and ensuring of electromagnetic compatibility of radio electronic means and high frequency devices being an integral part of the procedure of assignment (designation) of frequency bands, radio frequency (radio frequency channel).

      Maintenance of republican data base of radio frequency spectrum reflecting the electromagnetic situation in the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be carried out by the radio frequency bodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Radio frequency spectrum is the national resource in the field of communications.

      2. Development of proposals for realization of state policy in the field of radio spectrum distribution as well as efficient use of radio frequency spectrum and orbital positions of communication satellites in the interests of the state shall be carried out by the Interdepartmental commission on radio frequencies of the Republic of Kazakhstan under the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan with participation of associations (unions) of communication operators and public associations of users of communications services and radio frequency spectrum.

      3. Use of radio frequency spectrum being restrictive national resource shall be carried out on a paid basis. Annual rates, procedure for calculation and payment to the state budget for use of radio frequency spectrum shall be determined in accordance with the Tax Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Upon sharing radio frequencies and radio electronic means for the organization of cellular communications, payment for use of radio frequency spectrum shall be carried out by each operator for the assigned frequency band, radio frequency (radio frequency channel) in accordance with the Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On Taxes and other Obligatory Payments to the Budget" (Tax code).

      4. Is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011).

      5. Is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication);

      6. The level of industrial interference caused by radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices shall not exceed the norms established by technical regulations and documents on standardization for these types of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices.

      The external noise immunity of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices from industrial radio interference shall not be lower than the norms established by technical regulations and documents on standardization for these types of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices.

      Footnote. Article 11 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.12.2006 No. 209 (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 21.11.2008 No.89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 28.12.2010 NO. 369-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); dated 27.04.2012 No. 15-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 21.06.2013 No. 107-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 05.10.2018 No. 184-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after its first official publication).

Article 12. general provisions on distribution of radio frequency spectrum, allocation and assignment (designation) of frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels)

      1. Use of radio frequency spectrum in the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be carried out in accordance with the following principles:

      1) administrative order of access of the users to radio frequency spectrum;

      2) right of equal access of all the users to radio frequency spectrum considering the state priorities;

      3) payment of using the radio frequency spectrum;

      4) inadmissibility of termless allocation, assignment (designation) of frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels);

      5) conversion of using radio frequency spectrum with compensation of expenses for this measure;

      6) transparency and openness of procedures of distribution and use of radio frequency spectrum.

      2. Distribution of the radio-frequency spectrum shall be carried out in accordance with the national Table of distribution of frequencies bands between radio services of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the frequency range from 3 kHz to 400 GHz for radio electronic means of all purposes approved by the authorized body, and plans for the future use of the radio spectrum, approved by the authorized body on the basis of recommendations of the Interdepartmental commission on radiofrequencies of the Republic of Kazakhstan under the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan in accordance with the radio Regulations of the International telecommunication union.

      3. Procedure for distribution, allocation and assignment of frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels) for radio electronic means of all the purposes shall be developed by the radio frequency bodies.

      Distribution of frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels) for the purpose of television and radio broadcasting shall be conducted on a competitive basis in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      For the purpose of ensuring the translation of television and radio channels of free access in the whole territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels) shall be allocated to the national provider of television and radio broadcasting without the tendering process.

      4. Frequency assignments may be changed in behalf of ensuring the state management, defence, security and protection of legal order in the Republic of Kazakhstan with the simultaneous compensation for damage to economic entities carrying out the activity in the field of communications linked with the transfer to the other frequencies.

      5. Right of use of radio frequency spectrum shall be certified by permissive documents issued by the authorized body for radio electronic means of civil purpose and central executive body of military administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan for radio electronic means ensuring the needs of defence, security and protection of legal order.

      5-1. Individuals and legal entities shall be prohibited to transfer the right to temporary or permanent use of assigned frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels) to other individuals or legal entities, except for the following cases:

      1) sharing radio frequencies for internal production activities, subject to the consent of the main user of the radio frequency spectrum. A separate permission to use the radio frequency spectrum shall be issued for each user;

      2) sharing radio frequencies allocated for the organization of cellular communication. Sharing radio frequencies shall be formalized by the contract.

      6. Permissions for use of radio frequency spectrum shall be issued to the communications providers and persons intending to use the radio frequency spectrum for carrying out the intraproductive activity no later than two months term from the date of receipt of the standard form application by the authorized body.

      Permission for the use of the radio frequency spectrum shall indicate the type or standard of communication, the territory of use, the type and technical parameters of the radio electronic means used, as well as obligations on provision of communication services to settlements and (or) territories.

      7. Refusal to issue permission to the applicant for use of radio frequency spectrum for radio electronic means of civil purpose shall be carried out on the relevant grounds:

      1) non-conformance of specified frequency band, radio frequency (radio frequency channel) to the national Table of distribution of frequency bands;

      2) non-conformance of parameters of radiation and acceptance of specified radio electronic means to requirements, norms in the field of ensuring the electromagnetic compatibility of radio electronic means and high frequency devices;

      3) negative conclusion of the expertise of electromagnetic compatibility with current radio electronic means and planned for use;

      4) occupation of the specified frequency bands, radio frequency (radio frequency channel) by civil users previously assigned to users in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      5) absence of the relevant license for the type of entrepreneurial activity in the field of communications with the use of radio frequencies issued by the licenser in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      6) negative results of conducting the coordination of frequency band, radio frequency (radio frequency channel) with the central executive body of military administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      7) negative results of conducting the procedure of international coordination of radio frequency (radio frequency channel), if such procedure is provided by the Radio Regulations of the International Telecommunication Union.

      8. Refusal to issue permission for use of radio frequency spectrum for radio electronic means ensuring the needs of defence and security of the state shall be carried out in the manner determined by the central executive body of military administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      8-1. Permission for the use of the radio frequency spectrum shall be withdrawn in accordance with the procedure established by the authorized body in the following cases::

      1) non-use of the radio frequency spectrum for one year;

      2) non-fulfillment by the cellular communication operator of obligations on provision of communication services to settlements and (or) territories specified in the permit for the use of the radio frequency spectrum of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      9. In case of conducting the coordination of frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels) with radio frequency bodies, the term of conducting the coordination shall be no more than thirty days from the date of receipt of the request, and by this the term of considering the application may be prolonged for the time of conducting the necessary coordinations, but no more than thirty days. Upon conducting the international coordination of radio frequencies with neighboring states (in frontier zones of the Republic of Kazakhstan) in accordance with the Radio Regulations of the International Telecommunication Union, the term of considering the application may be prolonged, but no more than four months about which the applicant shall be notified in written form in advance.

      Footnote. Article 12 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.12.2006 No. 209 (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); dated 18.01.2012 No. 546-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication); dated 27.04.2012 No. 15-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication); dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128 (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 13. Distribution and regulation of using the numbering resource and allocation of numbers

      1. Procedure for distribution of numbering resource and allocation of numbers, as well as their withdrawal shall be determined by the authorized body of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. Authorized body shall maintain register of distributed and reserved numbering resources.

      Footnote. Article 13 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

Article 14. Communications network management upon emergency situations, imposition of the state of emergency

      1. Management of communication networks during emergency situations of social, natural and technogenic character, as well as introduction of the state of emergency shall be carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan by the authorized body in cooperation with state bodies according to the list determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, which are entitled to priority use and suspension of the activities of the networks and means of communication, with the exception of governmental and presidential communication, networks and communications of emergency services.

      2. Compensation of expenses incurred by communications providers upon use of their networks and means of communications upon a threat or occurrence of emergency situation of social, natural and technogenic character, as well as imposition of the state of emergency shall be carried out in the manner determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      3. Owners of networks and means of communications shall provide absolute priority to all the messages concerning the safety of the people’s life at the sea, land, in the air, cosmic space, conduct of high priority measures in the field of defence, security and protection of legal order in the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as messages on emergency situations.

      4. Communication operators shall be obliged to provide free of charge unified duty dispatcher service "112" services to determine the location of the caller and sending short text messages to the subscriber's mobile devices of the population in the event of a threat or occurrence and removal of the threat of emergencies of social, natural and technogenic, introduction of the state of emergency, in the interests of defense, security and law enforcement. The order of use of networks of communication operators for the specified purposes shall be determined by the authorized body.

      Footnote. Article 14 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 11.04.2014 No. 189-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication); as amended by the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 16.11.2015 No. 404-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 15. Interaction of communication operators, the operator of the centralized database of subscribers numbers, the operator of the database of identification codes of subscribers devices of cellular communication with the bodies carrying out operational-investigative, counterintelligence activities

      Footnote. The title of Article 15 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

      1. Communication operators and (or) owners of communication networks operating on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be obliged to:

      1) provide the bodies carrying out operational-investigative, counterintelligence activities on communication networks with organizational and technical capabilities of conducting operational-investigative, counterintelligence actions on all communication networks, as well as take measures for prevention of disclosure of forms and methods for conducting the specified actions;

      2) collect and store official information in the manner determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Storage of official information about the subscribers shall be carried out exclusively on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is forbidden to transfer official information about the subscribers outside the Republic of Kazakhstan, except for the cases of provision of communication services to the

      subscribers of the Republic of Kazakhstan located abroad;

      3) provide the bodies carrying out operational-investigative, counterintelligence activities on communication networks with the access to office information, as well as take measures for prevention of disclosure of forms and methods for conducting the specified actions;

      4) provide at the expense of own or attracted funds the functions of own telecommunication equipment for technical conduct of operational-investigative, counterintelligence actions in accordance with the requirements for communication networks and means and the order which are determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      5) ensure provision of communication services, as well as distribution by the representative of the communication operator of subscriber numbers only upon conclusion of an appropriate contract on rendering of communication services concluded in accordance with the rules for rendering communication services.

      2. Is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

      3. Operators of communication, the operator of a centralized database of subscribers numbers and the operator of the database of identification codes of the subscribers devices of cellular communication shall be obliged to provide the access to information contained in the databases of subscribers numbers and identification codes of the subscribers devices of cellular communication to the bodies carrying out operational-investigative, counterintelligence activities on communication networks, in accordance with this Law and the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On operational-investigative activity", "On counterintelligence activities", "On personal data and their protection".

      4. Is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

      5. Relations between communication operators, the operator of the centralized database of subscribers numbers, the operator of the database of identification codes of subscribers devices of cellular communication with the bodies engaged in operational-investigative, counterintelligence activities shall be regulated in accordance with this Law and the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On operational-investigative activities", "On counterintelligence activities".

      6. Operators of cellular communication shall be obliged to suspend or resume the work of the subscriber device of cellular communication in their network by the identification code at the request of the owner in accordance with the rules of registration of subscribers devices of cellular communication.

      Footnote. Article 15 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2016 No. 36-VI (shall be enforced from 01.07.2017); as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 15-1. Interaction of communication operators with the state bodies using special technical equipment for blocking a radio signal or identification and (or)suppression of unauthorized use of subscribers devices

      1. In order to ensure the protection of institutions of the penal enforcement system, the internal affairs bodies within their territories use special technical equipment for blocking a radio signal or identification and (or) suppression of unauthorized use of subscribers devices.

      2. Communication operators shall be obliged to ensure:

      1) consulting and technical assistance to internal affairs bodies when installing special technical equipment on the territory of penal institutions to block a radio signal or identification and (or) suppression of unauthorized use of subscribers devices;

      2) optimization of own communication networks, including timely response and taking measures to reduce the distribution of radio signals on the territory of the penal system institutions.

      3. Special technical equipment for blocking a radio signal must comply with the requirements of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of technical regulation.

      Footnote. Chapter 2 is supplemented by Article 15-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016).

Article 16. Confirmation of conformance of technical means of communications

      Technical means of communications used at the single telecommunications network of the Republic of Kazakhstan, radio electronic means and high frequency devices being the source of electromagnetic radiation, technical means of postal communications shall be subject to confirmation of conformance in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Footnote. Article 16 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 29 December 2006 No. 209 (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 16-1. Notification on the commencement or termination of communication services activities

      1. Communication operator shall be obliged to send a notification to the authorized body on paper or in electronic form from the moment of commencement of activities for rendering communications services.

      The notification shall specify:

      name of the communication operator;

      business identification number of the communication operator;

      name of communication services;

      territory of rendering communication services.

      2. In case of change of the communication operator name, its business identification number, names of communication services and territory of rendering communication services, the communication operator shall be obliged to send a notification in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article.

      3. The communication operator shall be obliged to send a notification to the authorized body on paper or in the form of an electronic document from the moment of termination of activities on rendering communication services.

      The notification shall specify the communication operator name and its business identification number.

      Footnote. Chapter 2 is supplemented by Article 16-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016).

Article 16-2. Notification on the commencement or termination of operation of radio-electronic means and (or) high-frequency devices

      Individuals and legal entities, including diplomatic and consular representations of foreign states, before the commencement or termination of operation of radio-electronic means and (or) high frequency devices, including radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices of amateur radio services shall be obliged to send notification to territorial subdivisions of the authorized body according to the form determined in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on permits and notifications.

      Footnote. Chapter 2 is supplemented by Article 16-2 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 17. Licensing of activity in the field of communications

      Licensing of activity in the field of communications shall be carried out by the authorized body in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on permissions and notifications.

      Footnote. Article 17 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 16.05.2014 No. 203-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after the date of its first official publication).

Article 17-1. Procedure for coming in of radio electronic means and high frequency devices

      1. Import into the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan from countries outside the Eurasian economic union of limited radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices, including built-in or included in other goods, shall be carried out on the basis of a license issued by a body authorized by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in accordance with international contracts in the sphere of licensing of foreign trade in goods ratified by the Republic of Kazakhstan, and the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On Permits and Notifications", except for the cases provided by paragraph 2 of this Article.

      2. Radio electronic means and high frequency devices of civil purpose, as well as integrated or included into the composition of other goods brought in cases different from the import for the term no more than six months shall be brought to the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the basis of conclusion of the authorized body in cases if they are designated for:

      1) ensuring of stay of official foreign delegations in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      2) conducting sport competitions and other cultural events conducted in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      3) demonstrations at the exhibitions held in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      4) conduct of scientific research and experimental works in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      5) conduct of tests for the purpose of confirmation of conformance (certificate or declaring of conformity).

      Footnote. The Law is supplemented by Article 17-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.06.2013 No. 107-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication); as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 16.05.2014 No. 203-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after the date of its first official publication); dated 26.12.2017 No. 124-VI (shall be enforced from 01.01.2018).

Article 18. Distribution of national resources in the field of communications on a competitive basis

      Footnote. Title as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 15.07.2011 No. 461-IV (shall be enforced from 30.01.2012).

      1. The right to use radio frequency resource shall be granted on a competitive basis if the communication service is provided with the use of radio frequencies in the range on which the Interdepartmental commission on radio frequencies of the Republic of Kazakhstan under the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan recommended a limit on the possible number of communication operators, operating in a certain territory due to insufficient volume of the radio frequency spectrum. At the same time, the communication operator shall be obliged to provide communication services to the territory or settlements, which are reflected in the permission to use the radio frequency spectrum.

      2. The decision to hold a tender (or auction) shall be made by the authorized body in accordance with subparagraph 1) of paragraph 1 of this Article, taking into account the recommendations of the Interdepartmental commission on radio frequencies of the Republic of Kazakhstan under the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Competition (or auction) shall be held within the term no later than six months after adopting such permission.

      3. Upon receipt of the right to use the radio frequencies following the results of the competition, the winner shall make single payment to the state budget in the manner and amounts established by the tax legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      4. Legal entities complying with the requirements established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the rules of conducting tender (or auction) shall be allowed to participate in the tenders (or auctions).

      Footnote. Article 18 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 15.07.2011 No. 461-IV (shall be enforced from 30.01.2012); dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 24.05.2018 No. 156-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 19. Licensing of activity on organization of television and (or) radio broadcast

      Footnote. Article 19 is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 18.01.2012 No. 546-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 20. Communications services rates

      1. Communications services rates shall be established by the communications providers on an independent basis based on substantiated expenses unless otherwise provided by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. The authorized body shall regulate:

      1) tariffs for services in the sphere of natural monopoly in the field of communications, as well as prices for services produced and realized by the subject of state monopoly in the field of communications;

      2) the marginal level of prices for subsidized universal communication services provided in rural areas.

      The procedure for regulating prices and tariffs for the services specified in this paragraph shall be determined by the authorized body.

      3. Is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2016 No. 34-VI (shall be enforced from 01.01.2017).

      4. Communication operators in the order determined by the rules of communication services shall ensure round-the-clock provision of free connections to the operator of the emergency call system, emergency medical, law enforcement, fire, emergency and other services to each user of communication services in accordance with the list determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Footnote. Article 20 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 18.01.2012 No. 546-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication); dated 17.04.2014 No. 195-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after the date of its first official publication); dated 09.04.2016 No. 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2016 No. 34-VI (shall be enforced from 01.01.2017); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 24.05.2018 No. 156-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 26.12.2018 No. 202-VI (shall be enforced from 01.01.2019).

Chapter 3. Communications networks

Article 21. Single telecommunications network of the Republic of Kazakhstan

      1. Single telecommunications network of the Republic of Kazakhstan represents the telecommunications network located in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan and consisted of the telecommunications networks of the following categories:

      1) telecommunications networks of common use;

      2) departmental telecommunications networks;

      3) allocated telecommunications networks;

      4) telecommunications networks of special purpose;

      5) corporative and other networks of transferring the information by electromagnetic signals.

      2. For networks that make up a unified telecommunications network of the Republic of Kazakhstan, with the exception of presidential communication networks, the national security bodies shall determine the procedure for functioning the system of centralized management of telecommunications networks of the Republic of Kazakhstan, including:

      organization, registration and operation of international junction points;

      complex of organizational and technical measures, formation of control parameters;

      requirements to the applied means of communication and their management, ensuring information security on communication networks, commissioning of communication networks and control over execution;

      provision by operators of long-distance and international communication of lines and communication channels necessary to ensure functioning of the system of centralized management of telecommunications networks of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      3. Operators of communication networks of all categories included in the unified telecommunications network of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be obliged to create at their own expense a system of centralized management of their networks, which must be located on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Employees of communication operators, whose functional duties include work with service information about subscribers, must be the citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Transfer by communication operators to other persons in any form of management of their own communication networks shall be prohibited.

      When creating telecommunication networks, communication operators shall ensure technological compliance of telecommunication equipment of communication networks with national standards that establish requirements for ensuring the conduct of operational-investigative and counterintelligence activities.

      4. Telecommunications networks of common use represent the set of interrelated telecommunications networks designed for rendering of telecommunications services to all the users in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Telecommunications networks of common use shall be divided into the telecommunications networks determined:

      1) geographically within the limits served territory and resource of numbering (local telecommunications networks);

      2) non-geographically not linked with geographically determined territory within the Republic of Kazakhstan and resource of numbering;

      3)is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

      Telecommunications networks of common use shall interact with telecommunications networks of common use of foreign states.

      5. Departmental telecommunications networks shall be intended for ensuring of the realization of management and organizational purposes of state bodies and bodies of local self-government in accordance with their powers, as well as for realization of ensuring the industrial and administrative purposes of state enterprises and institutions.

      Departmental telecommunication networks interact with each other through a unified transport environment of state bodies, including the use of state encryption and other means of information protection used in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      6. Allocated telecommunications networks represent independent category of telecommunications networks and intended for rendering of telecommunications services (electrical communications) to limited circle of users and:

      1) may interact with each other, but do not have interconnection to telecommunications networks of common use of the Republic of Kazakhstan or any other networks interconnected to the telecommunications networks of common use, as well as to telecommunications networks (electrical communications) of common use of foreign states;

      2) may be interconnected to telecommunications networks of common use with the transfer to the category of telecommunication network of common use, if they conform to requirements regulating functioning of the telecommunications networks of common use. By this, non-geographical code assigned previously to this allocated network shall be withdrawn;

      3) rendering of communications services by the providers of these telecommunications networks shall be carried out on the basis of the license.

      Technology and means of communications applied for organizing allocated networks, as well as the principles of forming and numbering system shall be established by owners of these networks. Numbering (non-geographical code) from the national resource for this category of networks shall not be allocated.

      7. Special-purpose telecommunications networks are designed to meet the needs of the authorized state bodies, the state security Service, military management bodies, national security and internal affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, which can be used as the basis of public telecommunications networks.

      Special purpose telecommunications networks may not be used for paid rendering communication services, unless otherwise provided by the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      The procedure of construction, management, use, distribution of numbering, organizational and technical support for operation, information security, traffic transmission, conditions for interaction and acceptance into operation (decommissioning) of networks of encrypted, secret, coded communication and telecommunications networks of special purpose shall be determined by the heads of authorized state bodies, state security Service, military management bodies, national security and internal affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan to ensure the needs of which these networks are intended.

      8. Corporative telecommunications networks are intended for ensuring the realization of managing and intraproductive purposes of legal entities.

      Corporative telecommunications networks may:

      1) have interconnection to the telecommunications networks of common use as a corporative client by the corporate switching station within the administrative territory or at the level of transit node of international switching centre of the Republic of Kazakhstan, if they unite the parts of network distributed through the different administrative territories with allocation of the relevant resource of numbering;

      2) be used for compensated rendering of communications services (if there are no networks of the telecommunication networks providers of common use in zone of their action) upon condition of receiving the license for carrying out entrepreneurial activity in accordance with Article 17 of this Law.

      9. Networks of television and radio broadcasting are the component part of the single telecommunications network and represent single production technology complex of the ground and satellite broadcasting systems used for distribution and translation of television and radio programs in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan and foreign states. Ground systems shall include radio-relay and cable communications lines, radio transmitters of different power and other means for translation of the state and commercial programs. Satellite systems shall include the orbital communications satellite belonging to international satellite organizations being separate from the state and ground transmitting and receiving stations.

      10. Is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 18.01.2012 No. 546-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication).

      11. Is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 18.01.2012 No. 546-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication).

      Footnote. Article 21 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); dated 18.01.2012 No. 546-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of thirty calendar days after its first official publication); dated 23.04.2012 No. 14-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 10.07.2012 No. 31-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication); dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 09.04.2016 No. 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2016 No. 36-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of two months after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 22. State dispatch service

      1. State dispatch service of the Republic of Kazakhstan (hereinafter – dispatch service) is a service carrying out governmental courier service with ensuring of protection of the state secrets. Servants of the dispatch service are in personnel of internal affairs bodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan, shall be provided by military hand small-arms and cold arms, special means of protection and communications, as well as uniforms.

      2. Organizational activity of dispatch service, as well as procedure for provision and the list of users of the dispatch communications services shall be determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      3. Correspondence and special packages carried by servants of dispatch service shall not be subject to inspection and detention, with the exception of cases provided by the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      4. Labour relations of servants of dispatch service shall be regulated by the Labour Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan with special aspects provided by the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan for the servants of internal affairs bodies.

      5. Pension ensuring of the servants of dispatch service, payment of the state special benefits based on disability shall be carried out in the manner and in conditions established by the legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan for servants of internal affairs bodies.

      Footnote. Article 22 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 23.04.2014 No. 200-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

Article 22-1. Rights and obligations of servants of dispatch service

      1. Servants of dispatch service upon performance of the tasks imposed on them by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on delivery of correspondence and special packages of the state bodies, as well as details consisting state secrets shall have the right to:

      1) unimpeded (as a matter of priority and without payment) access to state bodies, organizations independently from their legal organizational form to the places of parking stand of aerial vehicles, railway trains, automobile, marine and river transport;

      2) extraordinary acquisition of tickets in transport organizations carrying out regular transfers on the routes of travel established for international and interrepublican links;

      3) unimpeded landing with equipped military hand small arms and cold arms until common boarding of passengers to all the transport vehicles belonging to the transport organizations carrying out regular transfers on routes of travel established for international and interrepublican links;

      4) other rights provided for servants of dispatch service by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On law enforcement service”.

      2. Obligations of servants of the dispatch service linked with record of service shall be established in the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On law enforcement service”.

      Footnote. The Law is supplemented by Article 22-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 23.04.2014 No. 200-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

Article 22-2. Service of special communications

      Footnote. Article 22-2 is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 23. Communication networks for the needs of authorized state bodies, military management bodies, national security and internal affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan

      1. Governmental communication shall be provided by the national security body of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the manner determined by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Presidential communication shall be provided by the state security Service in the manner determined by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Communication operators shall carry out modernization and development of public telecommunications networks, taking into account the technical capabilities and equipment of governmental and presidential communications in coordination with the national security agency and the state security Service.

      Systems of governmental, presidential communication, encrypted, secret and coded communication shall be provided in the manner determined by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. The procedure for organization of encrypted work in the authorized state bodies, military management bodies, national security and internal affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the procedure for ensuring governmental communication shall be developed by the Committee for national security of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      3. The procedure for organization of encrypted work in the authorized state bodies, military management administration bodies, national security and internal affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be determined by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      4. Provision of communication lines and channels, channels in cable sewers and areas necessary for placement of technical means for the needs of the authorized state bodies, state security Service, military management bodies, national security and internal affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as the operator of information and communication infrastructure of "electronic government" shall be carried out on a contractual basis at prices (tariffs) regulated by the authorized body, in the manner determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      5. The procedure for preparation and use of resources of a unified telecommunications network to ensure functioning of special purpose telecommunications networks shall be determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      6. Communication operators shall be obliged to ensure the priority provision of communication channels and lines for the needs of state bodies, the state security Service, military management bodies, national security and internal affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan and to take priority and urgent measures on replacement of communication channels or their restoration in case of damage.

      7. Communication operators shall not have the right to disconnect communication channels and (or) suspend the provision of governmental and presidential communication services, communication services to the state security Service, military management bodies, national security and internal affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan otherwise than by the court decision.

      8. Operators shall be obliged to provide at existing and newly constructing buildings and communication centers the areas necessary for placement of technical means, as well as reserve capacities in line-cable constructions and guaranteed power supply used in the interests of telecommunication networks of special purpose, governmental and presidential communication.

      9. In case of complicating the operational situation in peacetime, conducting particularly important works and actions, the communication operators shall allocate to the users of communications services, carrying out operational-investigative and counterintelligence activities or having powers for conducting particularly important works and actions, additional channels and direct communication lines for individual applications on the terms of temporary lease without signing contracts with subsequent compensation of expenses, if necessary using working channels of telecommunication network of the general use.

      Footnote. Article 23 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 24. Postal communications

      1. Postal communications represents the part of infrastructure of communications providing receipt, processing, transfer and delivery of postal matters, money transfers, as well as organizing forwarding, delivery and distribution of periodical press, delivery of pensions and benefits on a contractual basis.

      The activity of the postal operator on provision of postal services shall be regulated by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on post.

      2. Processing and delivery of military matters shall be carried out by postal and courier communications of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      3. Is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016).
      4. Is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016).
      5. Is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016).
      Footnote. Article 24 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 15.07.2011 No. 461-IV (shall be enforced from 30.01.2012); dated 24.11.2015 № 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 09.04.2016 № 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Chapter 4. Interaction of telecommunications networks

Article 25. Interconnection of telecommunication networks

      1. All the communications providers shall have the right to interconnect own networks to the telecommunications networks of common use.

      Interconnection of one telecommunications network to another shall be carried out by the communications providers on the basis of the contract.

      2. Communication operators shall be obliged to provide services of connection and traffic transmission in accordance with the rules approved by the authorized body. Standard conditions of connection of dominant communication operators shall be agreed with the authorized body.

      3. International traffic transmission shall be carried out only through the networks of international communication operators, taking into account the order of registration of international junction points on the border of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      4. It shall be prohibited to exchange the Internet traffic between communication operators through foreign communication operators outside the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      5. Transmission and exchange of traffic through the Internet traffic exchange points between all connected to the Internet traffic exchange point and communication operators shall be carried out free of charge.

      Footnote. Article 25 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 26. Special aspects of interconnecting the telecommunications networks by dominant communications providers

      1. For dominant communications providers of telecommunications network of common use, the contract of interconnection determining the conditions of rendering the services of interconnecting other telecommunications networks, as well as the circumstances on interacting the networks and traffic transmission linked with it, is a standard contract, the standard form of which shall be approved by the authorized body.

      2. Refusal of the dominant communication operator from conclusion of the contract of accession or establishment by the dominant communication operator of obviously restrictive conditions on accession or laying of communication lines shall not be allowed.

      Under deliberately restrictive conditions on accession or laying communication lines are understood the technical conditions for accession established by a dominant communication operator, which implementation for the joined operator is disproportionate to the costs that could be produced under other conditions of accession, or not possible in connection with refusal of the land owner, the land user, owner of a building or structure for laying of telecommunications network on their territory and (or) in buildings or structures.

      3. Is excluded by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

      3-1. Long-distance and (or) international telephone communication operators shall be obliged to:

      1) publish a list of standard connection points (connections);

      2) ensure provision of lines and communication channels necessary for functioning of the system of centralized management of telecommunications networks of the Republic of Kazakhstan, at their own expenses;

      3) ensure connection of its networks to the Internet traffic exchange point and the system of centralized management of telecommunications networks of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the manner determined by the authorized body;

      4. carry out traffic transmission using the protocols, supporting encryption with the use of a security certificate, except for the traffic encrypted by means of cryptographic protection of information on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.4. Providers of intercity and international communications shall have the right to render:

      1) services of intercity and international telephone communications to the subscribers of their networks;

      2) services of intercity and international communications to other communications providers;

      3) services on traffic transit and provision of the network resources to the other communications providers;

      4) other types of communications services upon condition of receiving the relevant licenses in the manner established by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On permissions and notifications”.

      5. Providers of intercity communications shall have the right to render:

      1) services of intercity telephone communications to the subscribers of their networks;

      Note of RCLI!
      Subparagraph 2) shall be enforced from 01.01.2006.

      2) services of intercity communications to other communications providers;

      3) other types of services upon condition of receiving the relevant licenses in the manner established by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On permissions and notifications”.

      6. Providers of international communications shall have the right to render:

      1) services of international telephone communications to the subscribers of their networks;

      Note of RCLI!
      Subparagraph 2) shall be enforced from 01.01.2006.

      2) services of international telephone communications to other communications providers;

      3) other types of communications services upon condition of receiving the relevant licenses in the manner established by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On permissions and notifications”.

      Footnote. Article 26 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 07.07.2006 No. 174; dated 27 July 2007 No. 316 (shall be enforced from the date of its first official publication); dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); dated 16.05.2014 No. 203-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after the date of its first official publication); dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication); dated 24.11.2015 № 419-V( shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 28.12.2017 № 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Chapter 5. Security and protection of means, structures and network communications, radio frequency spectrum and orbital positions of communications satellites

Article 27. Protective zones of communications networks

      1. For the purpose of ensuring the preservation of communications networks, operation of technical means, structures and devices, the protective zones and glades that are the zones with special conditions of using the lands shall be established.

      2. Lands included to the protective zones shall be designated at location by special signs. Such lands shall not be subject to seizure from owners and land users.

      3. Procedure for establishment of protective zones and work regime in there shall be determined by the authorized body. Borders of mentioned zones and regime of using the lands in there shall be determined by the body that took decision on provision of lands into ownership or land use, in accordance with the land legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Footnote. Article 27 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); dated 29.09.2014 No. 239-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication).

Article 28. Security and protection of means of communications, structures and communications networks, radio frequency spectrum and orbital positions of communications satellite

      1. Networks and means of telecommunications, radio frequency spectrum and orbital positions of communications satellite are under the state protection.

      Procedure for determination of losses from damage of network and means of telecommunications shall be determined by the authorized body.

      2. Protection of means of communications, structures and communications networks, radio frequency spectrum, orbital positions of communications satellites shall be established in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      3. For the purpose of protection of established procedure for using the radio frequency spectrum and orbital positions of communications satellite, the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan may establish restrictions for production and coming up to the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as operation of radio electronic communications means creating unnormalized noises of functioning of electromagnetic systems.

      4. Individuals and legal entities that admitted the damage of communications means, structures and telecommunications networks, the violation of established procedure for manufacturing, acquisition, coming up, use of radio electronic means and high frequency devices, use of radio frequencies for work of radio electronic means of all the designations and high frequency devices, as well as creating unnormalized noises to television and radio reception shall bear responsibility established by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Footnote. Article 28 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Chapter 5-1. State control in the field of communications
and radio control in the territory of the
Republic of Kazakhstan

      Footnote. Title of chapter 5-1 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 17.07.2009 No. 188-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 28-1. State control in the field of communications

      1. State control in the field of communications shall be carried out in the form of verification and preventive control.

      2. Inspection and preventive control with a visit to the subject (object) of radio control shall be carried out in accordance with the Entrepreneurial code of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Preventive control without visiting the subject (object) of radio control shall be carried out in accordance with the Entrepreneurial code of the Republic of Kazakhstan and this Law.

      Footnote. Article 28-1 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.05.2018 No. 156-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 28-2. Procedure for organization and conduct of inspections of individuals and legal entities carrying out the activity in the field of communications

      Footnote. Article 28-2 is excluded in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 17.07.2009 No. 188-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 28-3. Organization of conducting inspection of individuals and legal entities carrying out the activity in the field of communications

      Footnote. Article 28-3 is excluded in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 17.07.2009 No. 188-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 28-4. Procedure for conducting inspections of individuals and legal entities carrying out the activity in the field of communications

      Footnote. Article 28-4 is excluded in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 17.07.2009 No. 188-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 28-5. The procedure for radio control

      1. Radio control for radiation of radio electronic means and high-frequency devices of civilian purpose shall be carried out by conducting documentary control of technical documentation and permissions, parameters of radio electronic means and high frequency devices, and operating modes using control and measuring equipment and means of radio control (instrumental control) and is conducted in the form of preventive control without a visit to the subject (object) of radio control.

      2. The object of radio control shall be the use of the radio frequency spectrum.

      3. The subjects of radio control shall be economic entities carrying out activities in the field of communications.

      4. The objectives of radio control shall be timely suppression and prevention of violations, provision the subjects of radio control with the right to independently eliminate violations identified by the results of radio control, and reducing the administrative burden on them.

      5. Under the control and measuring equipment and means of radio control should be understood certified technical means of measuring the parameters and characteristics of radio electronic means and high-frequency devices that have passed metrological verification, fixing the fact of committing an administrative offense.

      6. Radio control shall be carried out by territorial subdivisions of the authorized body according to the schedule-plan of radio control approved by the head of authorized body or the person substituting him/her.

      Schedule-plans of radio control shall be drawn up by territorial subdivisions for each quarter.

      7. In case of detection of violations by the results of radio control in actions (inaction) of the subject (object) of radio control, the recommendation shall be drawn up and sent no later than five working days from the date of detection of violations by the authorized body.

      8. The recommendation shall be handed over to the subject of radio control personally under the signature or in any other way confirming the facts of sending and receiving.

      A recommendation sent by one of the following ways shall be deemed to have been delivered in the following cases:

      1) on purpose - from the date of mark in the recommendation on receipt;

      2) by mail- by registered letter with notification;

      3) electronically - from the date of sending to the e-mail address of the subject of radio control specified in the letter at request.

      9. The recommendation on elimination of violations revealed by the results of radio control

      10. The subject of radio control in case of disagreement with the violations specified in the recommendation, shall have the right to send an objection to the authorized body that sent the recommendation, within five working days from the day following the day of its delivery.

      11. Non-execution in the established term of recommendation on elimination of violations revealed by the results of radio control, shall entail appointment of preventive control with a visit to the subject (object) of radio control by inclusion in the semi-annual list of preventive control with a visit to the subject of radio control.

      12. Radio control in respect of subjects (objects) of radio control shall be conducted no more than once a quarter.

      13. In case of interferences in the operation of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices for civilian purposes, for which permits have been issued, in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan:

      1) it is necessary for the owners of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices experiencing interferences to ensure in compliance with the norms and documents on standardization of technical parameters of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices, including selective and protective properties of receivers. If they do not comply with the norms, the owners of radio-electronic means must take measures to bring the characteristics in compliance with the norms or replace radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices. In case of interference due to radiation from other radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices, the owners of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices experiencing interference shall apply to the authorized body;

      2) the authorized body shall organize works on determining the sources and nature of interferences, the causes of their occurrence and take measures to eliminate them;

      3) as a result of violation of the established parameters and (or) modes of operation, deterioration of the selective or protective properties of the receivers of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices and interferences of intermodulation nature, caused by mutual influence of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices nearby, the authorized body shall issue recommendations on elimination of interferences;

      4) if it is impossible to eliminate interferences on the assigned frequencies, the authorized body shall make a new assignment of radio frequencies;

      5) due to unintentional interferences of industrial or technological nature, the authorized body shall take measures on determination the sources of interference and their elimination.

      14. Upon receipt of claims from administrations of communication of foreign states for radio interferences, the sources of which are located on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the authorized body in accordance with the international agreement shall determine the legal basis of these claims, if the claims are justified, shall establish the causes of interferences and take measures on their elimination.

      15. If radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices located on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan experience interferences from sources located on the territories of other states, the authorized body in accordance with the international agreement shall take measures on elimination interferences in order to protect the interests of owners of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices located on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      16. Measures on detection and suppression of radio interferences and actions of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices without appropriate permits shall be carried out by the authorized body.

      Footnote. Article 28-5 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.05.2018 No. 156-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 05.10.2018 № 184-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after its first official publication).

Article 28-6. Rights of owners of radio electronic means and high frequency devices

      Owners of radio electronic means and high frequency devices shall:

      1) use radio frequencies (radio frequency channels) assigned to radio electronic means and high frequency devices for carrying out of activity being relevant to conditions of the received permission;

      2) apply to the authorized body for elimination of interferences on a radio frequency (radio frequency channel) assigned to the radio electronic mean and high frequency device;

      3) appeal the actions (omission), decision of civil servants, authorized body in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 28-7. Obligations of owners of radio electronic means and high frequency devices

      Owners of radio electronic means and high frequency devices shall:

      1) ensure compliance of technical characteristics and operating conditions of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices with the parameters stated in the notification on the commencement or termination of operation of radio-electronic means and (or) high-frequency devices, as well as with the established rules and regulations;

      2) provide access to radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices to the officials of the authorized body at presentation of the service certificate in order to conduct radio control by the authorized body;

      3) perform prescriptions of the authorized body on suspension (as well as due to imposition of temporary prohibitions) or termination of using the radio frequencies (radio channels) of radio electronic means, as well as on elimination of the violations of permissions’ conditions issued to users of radio electronic means and high frequency devices.

      Footnote. Article 28-7, as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 24.05.2018 № 156-IV (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 28-8. Monitoring of radio frequency spectrum, radio electronic means and (or) high frequency devices

      1. Monitoring of radio frequency spectrum, radio electronic means and (or) high frequency devices – the set of organizational and technical measures on collection, processing, analysis and storage of data on parameters and characteristics of radio signals and sources of radio radiations for the purpose of receipt of necessary information for taking decisions by the authorized body on use of radio frequency resource.

      2. Monitoring of the radio-frequency spectrum, radio-electronic means and (or) high-frequency devices for civilian purposes shall be carried out by the authorized body in order to:

      1) detection of efficiency of using the radio frequency spectrum;

      2) identification of parameters and characteristics of radio radiations to applied parameters and characteristics of sources registered in data base;

      3) detection of unregistered sources of radio radiations;

      4) detection of locations of radio radiations sources;

      5) conduct of measurements within the performance of works on recommendations of the International Telecommunication Union, Regional Telecommunication Union and Response service on computer incidents, as well as upon applies from communications administration of the frontier countries;

      6) accounting, storage and processing of the results of monitoring of radio frequency spectrum, radio electronic means and (or) high frequency devices of civil purpose.

      Footnote. Chapter 5-1 is supplemented by Article 28-8 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10.07.2012 No. 36-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016).

Chapter 6. Development of communications networks

Article 29. Development of communications networks

      1. Communications providers shall plan and carry out development of communications networks on an independent basis.

      2. Financing of measures oriented to development of communications networks may be carried out at the expense of own and borrowed funds, as well as at the expense of attracting the investments in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      3. Upon construction of dwelling houses and other objects, designing and laying of internal and intraquarter communications networks, as well as installation of the subscribers’ mail boxes shall be carried out at the expense of the funds of building owner on the basis of current technical regulations and rules.

      4. Upon comprehensive development of housing estates, building of production objects and inhabited localities adjoining to them, designing and construction of all the means of communications including the civil structures and premises of post offices shall be carried out at the expense of means of the building owner.

      4-1. Designing and laying of intraquarter networks and communications lines, other objects of engineering infrastructure including cable duct system shall be carried out in accordance with the construction plan of communications structures and other objects of engineering infrastructure.

      4-2. The owners of buildings and structures shall be obliged on equal terms to provide space to communication operators on the basis of the contract for placement of telecommunication equipment in order to provide communication services.

      4-3. Communication operators can share engineering infrastructure, telecommunication equipment and communication networks on the basis of the contract.

      5. In construction or reconstruction of buildings, structures, roads, bridges and other objects of work on reconstruction and transfer of lines (networks), communication facilities shall be carried out at the expense of the customer of construction in accordance with the documents on standardization and specifications issued by the owners of lines (networks), communication facilities and (or) users.

      At the same time, the peculiarities of transfer by state legal entities of lines (networks), communication facilities, on which the removal (transfer) at the reconstruction site is carried out, shall be determined by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On State Property".

      6. Designing, construction of republican main, international lines and communications networks shall be carried out by individuals and legal entities on the basis of the license issued by the state authorized body in the field of construction in concurrence with the authorized body.

      7. At construction of buildings, structures and objects of state bodies, organizations which workers are subscribers of a network of the governmental and presidential communication, as well as at change of their location, design and laying of connecting lines and internal communication networks of a special purpose shall be carried out by the customers of construction at the expense of own means.

      Footnote. Article 29 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 03.07.2013 No. 124-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 09.04.2016 No. 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 05.10.2018 No. 184-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 29-1. Provision of direct line for use

      Owner of local telecommunications network upon reference of the owners of telecommunications networks and (or) communications providers may provide direct lines on a contractual basis for use, as well as being a part of the subscribers’ lines for rendering of services of Internet access.

      The subscriber shall have the right of choice of the communications provide rendering the services of Internet access.

      Footnote. Chapter 6 is supplemented by Article 29-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 29-2. Provision for use of telecommunication networks for emergency call system in case of accidents and catastrophes

      The cellular communication operator shall be obliged to provide its cellular networks free of charge for the use to the operator of the emergency call system for transmission of messages about traffic accidents and other emergencies on the roads and for establishment of two-way voice communication with the operator of the emergency call system.

      Footnote. Chapter 6 is supplemented by Article 20-2 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 17.04.2014 No. 195-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after the date of its first official publication); is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 № 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 30. Use of transport vehicles

      1. Courier and special postal communication services, as well as postal operators shall be entitled on contractual terms to transport postal and special items on all routes and lines of railway, sea, inland water, air and road transport accompanied by postal operator employees, employees of courier and special postal communication, as well as to transfer postal and special items for transportation in accordance with the civil legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. Transport organizations carrying out regular transportation through intercity intraoblast, intercity, interoblast and international routes of travel shall not have the right to refuse from conclusion of contracts for transportation of postal matters and special packages, except for the cases of absence of possibility to render the services on transportation in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, at the same time shall secure the right:

      1) of permanent set booking, extraordinary acquisition of tickets by servants of dispatch service and service of special communications upon performance of employment duties by them;

      2) unimpeded passage of vehicles of courier service and service of special postal communication to the served establishments, organizations, to the places of parking of aircrafts, trains, automobile, sea and river transport;

      3) unimpeded landing of armed employees of the courier service and special service of postal communication to general boarding of passengers.

      3. Motor vehicles of the courier service and the special postal service are classified as "special" without any distinctive inscriptions and may not be used in the interests of state bodies and state organizations without the consent of these services, except in cases of martial law or declaration of wartime, as well as in the case of introduction of a state of emergency or occurrence of emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature.

      4. In case of occurrence of emergency situations at damaged networks and means of communications, the communications organizations shall have the right to rent transport vehicles from the carrier in a priority manner.

      Automobile transport vehicles belonging to communications organizations may have special symbolics and without the agreement of communications organizations may not be used for rendering of services and performance of works not related to the activity in the field of communications.

      Footnote. Article 340 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 23.04.2014 No. 200-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication); dated 09.04.2016 № 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 31. Provision and use of communications lands

      1. Lands communications shall include land plots provided to the communications providers in ownership, permanent or temporary land use, as well as on the basis of the right of limited intended use of land plot (servitude) in accordance with the land legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. Land plots for construction of buildings, structures or facilities for the departments of postal transportation at auto- and railway stations, airports, sea and river ports and wharves must be allocated in the immediate vicinity of railway stations and for construction of urban post offices and units of postal communication in the central part of the city, providing conditions for the exchange of postal items delivered by vehicles, postal cars, airplanes, sea and river vessels.

      3. Sizes of land plots, as well as protective zones and grades provided to communications providers shall be determined in accordance with the norms of allotment of lands for this type of activity and project design document in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      4. Persons carrying out the activity in the field of communications shall have the right to lay the communications networks through the bridges, tunnels, streets, automobile and railway roads, structures, collecting canals, protective zones, forests and waters in compliance with requirements imposed by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      5. Construction of telecommunications networks and objects on the lands of specially protected natural areas and in zones with special conditions of land use shall be carried out considering the established regime of using the lands on the mentioned lands (territories) in accordance with the land legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      6. Upon completion of works on land plot, in building, structure or construction, the communications provider or building owner shall be obliged to put the land plot, building, structure or construction to initial state at their expense or compensate the owner of land plot, land user or owner of the building, structure or construction for incurred losses.

      7. Upon construction of networks and objects, the communications providers shall be obliged to apply environmental technologies and upon carrying out of the activity not to allow environmental degradation. By this, the communications providers shall bear responsibility for damage inflicted to environment and environmental safety of population in the manner established by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      8. Transfer or reconstruction of communication facilities caused by new construction, expansion, reconstruction of settlements, land development, reconstruction of reclamation systems, exploitation of minerals, shall be carried out by customers of construction at their own expense in accordance with the documents on standardization and specifications of owners and (or) users of communication networks. At the same time, an increase in the power of means of communication shall be carried out at the expense of owners of communication facilities.

      9. Owner of land plot or land user shall be obliged to provide the right of limited intended use of land plot that belongs to him (her) on the basis of the right of ownership or land use to the interested communications providers.

      10. Provision of rights to land plots for communications objects shall be carried out on the basis of decision of local executive bodies, buy and sell contract of land plot, rental contract of land plot, as well as under the contract on limited intended use of land plot (servitude contract).

      Footnote. Article 31 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 09.04.2016 № 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 05.10.2018 № 184-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after its first official publication).

Chapter 7. Universal communication services

      Footnote. The title of Chapter 7 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 09.04.2016 № 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 32. Universal communication services

      1. Universal communication services – communication services, which are fixed in the sector of telecommunications and postal services, the provision of which to the population shall be mandatory, with established indicators of service quality by the authorized body.

      2. The main criteria for providing universal communication services shall include:

      2) accessibility at the place of residence, determined taking into account the category of settlement and the number of inhabitants;

      3) time availability, determined taking into account the satisfaction of applications for installation of individual phones or introduction of a certain number of access lines (installation of public phones) for a specified period of time.

      3. For the right to provide long-distance and (or) international telephone communication as well as cellular communication, a fee shall be paid to the republican budget for the provision of long-distance and (or) international telephone communication, as well as cellular communications in the manner determined by the tax legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      4. The plan for rebalancing tariffs for universal telecommunication services shall be approved by the authorized body.

      Footnote. Article 32 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 09.04.2016 № 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 33. Universal service operator

      1. Provision of universal communication services from the list of universal communication services shall be carried out by universal service operators. The universal service operator shall provide one or several universal services from the list of universal services.

      2. The number of universal service operators shall be determined based on the need to provide universal communication services to all potential users.

      3. The right to provide universal communication services shall be granted based on the results of a tender held among communication operators.

      4. In case of absence of applications for participation in the tender or impossibility of identification of the winner, rendering separate universal communication services from the list of universal communication services shall be imposed by the authorized body on the communication operator, occupying the largest share of the market on these types of services on this territory. In this case, the operator shall have no right to refuse from the imposed obligation on provision of universal communication services.

      Footnote. Article 33 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 09.04.2016 № 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 34. Subsidizing universal communication services

      1. Universal communication services, provided in rural areas shall be subsidized services. The losses of communication operators providing universal communication services in rural areas shall be subject to subsidizing, if it was determined by the tender terms or conditions of imposing obligations on provision of universal communication services to communication operator.

      Losses of communication operators providing universal communication services in the cities shall not be subject to subsidizing.

      2. The amount of subsidies shall be determined by the tender terms or conditions of imposing obligations on provision of universal communication services to the communication operator, may not exceed the amount of subsidies provided in the republican budget for corresponding financial year, and shall be determined as the difference between expenditures and actual revenues from provision of unprofitable universal services.

      3. The rules of conducting tender for determination of universal service operators, including calculation of the amount of subsidies and the procedure for imposing by the authorized body of the obligation on provision of universal services to communication operators, requirements for communication operators on provision of universal communication services, the list of universal communication services shall be approved by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Footnote. Article 34 is in the wording of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 09.04.2016 № 499-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Chapter 8. Rights of users of communications services

Article 35. Quality of communications services

      1. Communication operators shall be obliged to provide the users with communication services complying on quality with the documents on standardization, technical standards, the terms of the contract for provision of communication services.

      1-1. Norms ensuring technical suitability of networks and means of telecommunications, quality level of communications services, amounts of tariffication units shall be approved by the authorized body.

      2. Communications services shall be rendered on equal basis to all the categories of users (population, budget organizations, economic units) in accordance with the rules of rendering of communications services, considering the benefits and advantages in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Footnote. Article 35 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 05.07.2011 No. 452-IV (shall be enforced from 13.10.2011); dated 05.10.2018 No. 184-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of six months after its first official publication).

Article 36. Protection of rights of users of communications services

      1. Protection of rights of users for provision of the communications services of proper quality to them, receipt of information about such services and about their performers, as well as mechanism of realizing such rights shall be regulated by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      1-1. Upon provision of access to intellectual services (lottery, voting, quiz program, quiz, reference and information services, dating services) by telephone communications (including cellular communications) before beginning of chargeable connection, the communications provider shall be obliged to notify the subscriber about the cost of this connection.

      In case of agreement of the subscriber to telephone connection (in other words, when the subscriber does not interrupt the connection), the payment for this connection shall be determined proceeding from the length of telephone connection by number of full tariffication units multiplied by the rate.

      If the subscriber is disagreed to such connection (in other words, interrupted connection after the relevant notification), the payment for organization of connection establishment shall not be charged.

      In case if the communications provider did not notify the subscriber before beginning of chargeable connection about the cost of such connection, the payment for provision of access to intellectual services (lottery, voting, quiz program, quiz, reference and information services, dating services) shall not be charged.

      1-2. Upon provision of access to intellectual services (lottery, voting, quiz program, quiz, reference and information services, dating services) by sending short text message, the cellular communications provider shall be obliged to notify the subscriber about the cost of such service by short text message. Payment for such service shall be charged in case of confirmation of sending such message by the subscriber, by this payment for confirmation shall not be charged from the subscriber.

      If the communications provider did not notify the subscriber about the cost of short text message on provision of access to intellectual services (lottery, voting, quiz program, quiz, reference and information services, dating services), the payment for such service shall not be charged.

      1-3. When providing the Internet access services, the communication operator shall be obliged to restrict access to information prohibited by the court decision that has entered into force or the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. Communications providers shall secure secrecy of correspondence, telephone conversations, postal matters, telegraph and other messages sent through the telecommunications networks, with the exception of restriction of this right in case and in the manner established by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      3. Communication operators of public telecommunications networks, providing local telephone services, shall have the right to provide each other on request the access to data on the users of their network in order to create reference services or publish a reference book of telephone numbers. Information shall be provided subject to the requirements of this Law and the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on consumer protection.

      4. Receipt of service information from the communication operator shall be allowed only with the consent of the subscriber and in the cases provided by this Law and the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On operational and investigative activities", "On counterintelligence activities", "On personal data and their protection".

      4-1. For illegal access to communications network, the responsibility shall be established in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      5. For violation of secrecy of correspondence, telephone conversations, postal, telegraph and other messages of the users of communications services, the providers shall bear responsibility in accordance with the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      6. In existence of technical possibilities of carrying out the periodical accounting of local telephone connections by the communications provider, the user of communications services – individual shall have the right to choose the subscription, periodical or combined system of service payment.

      Upon periodical system of service payment upon demand of the user, the communications provider shall be obliged to provide written information on a gratuitous basis about local telephone connections subjected to payment.

      In case of non-provision of such information, the user of communications services shall have the right to make payment of communications services on the subscription system.

      User of communications services – legal entity shall make payment on periodical payment system of local telephone connections. User of communications services shall have the right to establish the certified counter of telephone connections.

      7. Amount and procedure for compensation of increasing the rates of subscription fee for rendering of telecommunications services to social protected citizens shall be determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Footnote. Article 36 as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 07.12.2009 No. 221-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2); dated 27.04.2012 No. 15-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 22.12.2016 № 28-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 24.05.2018 No. 156-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 36-1. Transfer of the subscriber number in cellular communication networks

      1. Transfer of the subscriber number for the subscriber shall be carried out free of charge.

      The subscriber shall have the right to keep and use the subscriber number at conclusion of a new contract for provision of cellular communication services with another cellular communication operator.

      2. Operators of cellular communication shall be obliged to ensure the transfer of subscriber numbers in cellular communication networks in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communication.

      3. When transferring subscribers numbers, operators of cellular communication shall interact exclusively through a centralized database of subscribers numbers.

      4. The procedure of functioning of a centralized database of subscribers numbers and provision access to its resources, as well as organizational-technical interaction and mutual settlements between the participants of transfer of subscribers numbers shall be determined by the rules of transfer of subscriber number in cellular communication networks.

      5. Operators of cellular communication shall be obliged to provide the operator of a centralized database of subscriber numbers the information about subscriber numbers of cellular communication, including information determined by the rules of transfer of subscriber number in the networks of cellular communication.

      6. Communication operators shall independently bear all costs (for modernization of the network, information systems and software, interaction with the centralized database of subscriber numbers) on ensuring the transfer of the subscriber number in their own networks and possibility of access to the resources of the centralized database of subscriber numbers.

      7. Operators of cellular communication shall carry out payment of services of the operator of the centralized database of subscriber numbers for providing access to its resources in the manner determined by the rules of subscriber number transfer in cellular communication networks.

      8. The subscriber shall submit an application on the transfer of the subscriber number to the operator of cellular communication to whose network he/ she is switching, with the subsequent conclusion of the contract.

      9. Transfer of subscriber numbers in cellular communication networks shall be carried out by the operators of cellular communication on time and under the conditions that are determined by the rules of transfer of subscriber numbers in cellular networks.

      10. Operators of cellular communication shall have no right to prevent the transfer of cellular communication subscribers to another cellular communication operator.

      Footnote. Chapter 8 is supplemented by Article 36-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016).

Article 36-2. Registration of a subscriber device of cellular communication

      1. Registration of a subscriber device of cellular communication for the subscriber shall be carried out on a gratuitous basis.

      2. The owner of a subscriber device of cellular communication shall be obliged to register it with a cellular communication operator in accordance with the rules of registration of subscriber devices of cellular communication. Subscriber devices of cellular communication determined in accordance with the rules of registration of subscriber devices of cellular communication shall be subject to registration.

      3. In order to register a subscriber device of cellular communication, its owner shall submit to the operator serving him/her the information on:

      individual identification number (for an individual) or business identification number (for a legal entity);

      identification code of the subscriber device of cellular communication;

      subscriber number used by the subscriber device of cellular communication.

      All information shall be sent free of charge by cellular communication operators to the operator of the database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication.

      For registration of a subscriber device of cellular communication used by protected persons only information about the identification code of the subscriber device of cellular communication shall be provided.

      4. The operator of cellular communication shall refuse to register the subscriber device of cellular communication in case of presence in the database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication of the same identification code of the subscriber device of cellular communication, registered by other owner of the subscriber device of cellular communication or in case, if the subscriber number is registered for other owner.

      5. The operator of cellular communication shall be forbidden to provide services of cellular communication on the subscriber device of cellular communication, information on which are not included in the database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication or do not correspond to the information entered in the database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication.

      6. In order to inform the subscribers about the possibility to register a subscriber device of cellular communication, the operator of the database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication shall be obliged to provide free access through the Internet resource to information about the identification codes of subscriber devices cellular communication registered in the database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication.

      7. Operators of cellular communication shall be obliged to provide the operator of the database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication with information about the subscriber numbers they serve, as provided for in paragraph 3 of this Article, including information about individual identification numbers (for individuals) or business identification numbers (for legal entities) of the owners of subscriber numbers. At the same time the operators of cellular communication shall bear all costs on modernization of the network, information systems and software and carry out payment of services of an operator of database of identification codes of the subscriber devices of cellular communication for providing access to the resources of database of identification codes of the subscriber devices of cellular communication in accordance with the rules of registration of subscriber devices of cellular communication.

      8. The operator of the database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication shall take responsibility, established by the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan, for illegal dissemination of information contained in the database of identification codes of subscriber devices of cellular communication

      Footnote. Chapter 8 is supplemented by Article 36-2 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 22.12.2016 № 28-VI (shall be enforced from 01.07.2017); as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Chapter 9. Special aspects of provision of communications
services

Article 37. Use of languages and alphabets in activity of communications providers

      1. In the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, at communications networks, the service documentation of communications providers shall be carried out in Kazakh or Russian languages.

      2. Addresses of the sender and receiver of telegrams and postal matters sent within the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be drawn up in Kazakh or Russian language at the will of the sender.

      3. Text of telegram shall be stated in Kazakh or Russian language at the will of the sender.

      3-1. Cellular communications provider shall ensure transmission of informational, short text messages in Kazakh and Russian languages.

      4. International messages transferred through communications networks shall be processed in languages determined by the international treaties and agreements of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      5. Informational, reference and other details concerning the activity of communications providers, as well as samples of printed blanks in Kazakh and Russian languages shall be placed at the places available for users of communications services.

      Footnote. Article 37 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 21.11.2008 No. 89-IV (the order of enforcement see Article 2).

Article 38. Accounting and reporting time in the field of communications

      1. Upon carrying out of the activity in the field of communications in technological processes of transmission or receipt of messages and information by communications providers independently from the place of their location in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the single accounting and reporting time established by the authorized body shall be applied in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. Informing of the users of communication services about the time of provision of communication services shall be made at the location of the user of communication services in Astana time.

      3. Accounting and reporting time in international communications shall be determined by the international treaties of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Footnote. Article 38 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.05.2018 No. 156-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 39. International cooperation

      1. International cooperation in the field of communications shall be carried out on the basis of international treaties.

      2. In international cooperation, the authorized body within the competence as administration of communications of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall represent and protect the interests of the Republic of Kazakhstan in international unions and communications organizations.

Article 39-1. The procedure for using a subscriber number when receiving services in electronic form via a subscriber device of cellular communication

      1. The subscriber shall have the right to receive services in electronic form by means of the subscriber device of cellular communication according to the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. In order to receive services in electronic form via a subscriber device of cellular communication, the subscriber must connect the subscriber number provided by the operator of cellular communication to the account of the "electronic government" web portal.

      3. Identification of the subscriber shall be carried out by his/her subscriber number.

      In cases stipulated by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the subscriber shall use an electronic digital signature to receive services in electronic form by means of a subscriber device of cellular communication.

      Footnote. Chapter 9 is supplemented by Article 39-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 39-2. Provision of communication services

      1. Provision of communication services on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be carried out by residents of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2. Organization of communication services, providing for the use of spacecraft, assignment (purpose) of frequency bands, radio frequencies (radio frequency channels), shall be carried out only upon condition of use of spacecrafts belonging to the residents of the Republic of Kazakhstan and (or) foreign legal entities, and their provision of services through branches and (or) representative offices of foreign legal entities registered in the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      3. Rendering communication services for the provision of transponder capacity of spacecrafts shall be carried out ensuring redundancy at the request of the communication operator.

      Footnote. Chapter 9 is supplemented by Article 39-2 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Chapter 10. Final provisions

Article 40. Responsibility of providers and users of communications services

      1. Communications providers shall bear property responsibility for:

      1) loss, deficiency, damage (waste) of registered postal matters in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

      2) deviation of the text of telegram that changed its meaning;

      3) non-delivery of telegram or handing of telegram to the addressee upon expiry of established term in the manner established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      Communications providers providing the communications services with the violation of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications shall be obliged to compensate the losses caused by this violation to user of services.

      1-1. Communication operators shall be liable under the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan for violation of the obligation on collection and storage of service information.

      1-2. Communication operators shall be prohibited to render communication services without entering information about the subscriber in the system of collection and storage of service information about subscribers.

      2. Upon violation of conditions of the contract by the user of communications services, of the rules of operation of equipment, use of non-certified equipment at the telecommunications network, as well as upon untimely payment of communications services, the communications provider shall have the right to suspend the access of user to communications network upon expiry of ten days after written notification until elimination of deficiencies, with the exception of cases provided by paragraph 3 of Article 15 of this Law with compensation of loss of income by the user of communications services and harm inflicted to the communications provider due to damage or idle time of equipment, in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      2-1. Subscribers and users of communication services shall be responsible for substitution of network addresses committed in order to conceal the facts of violation of the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      3. Communications provider shall not bear responsibility for non-fulfillment or improper fulfillment of obligations on transfer or receipt of messages or on transmission or delivery of postal matters, unless it is proved that such non-fulfillment or improper fulfillment of obligations occurred due to the fault of the user of communications services or due to insuperable force.

      Footnote. Article 40 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10.07.2009 No. 178-IV; dated 24.11.2015 № 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 28.12.2017 № 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 41. Responsibility for breach of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications

      Breach of the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of communications shall entail responsibility established by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Article 41-1. Procedure for suspension of work of networks and (or) means of communications

      1. In cases of using networks and (or) means of communication for criminal purposes, detrimental to the interests of the individual, society and the state, as well as for disseminating information violating the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on elections, containing calls for carrying out extremist and terrorist activities, riots, as well as for participating in mass (public) events held in violation of the established procedure, promoting sexual exploitation of minors and child pornography, the General Prosecutor of the Republic of Kazakhstan or his/her deputies shall submit an order to the authorized body on elimination of violations of the Law with the requirement to take measures on temporarily suspension of operation of networks and (or) means of communication, provision of communication services, access to the Internet resources and (or) information posted on them, except for the cases provided in paragraph 1-2 of this Article.

      1-1. In cases of dissemination via the telecommunications network of information prohibited or otherwise limited for distribution by judicial acts that entered into legal force or the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan and access to which was temporarily suspended by the order of the General Prosecutor of the Republic of Kazakhstan or his/her deputies on elimination of violations of legality made to the authorized body, communication operators and (or) state technical service, according to the order of the authorized body shall be obliged to take immediate measures to limit access to the prohibited information.

      1-2. In cases of great urgency and which could lead to committing of grave and especially grave crimes as well as crimes prepared and committed by a criminal group, the chairman of the Committee for National Security of the Republic of Kazakhstan, his/her deputies or the heads of territorial bodies of the Committee for National Security of the Republic of Kazakhstan or persons substituting them, shall have the right to suspend the operation of networks and (or) means of communication, rendering communication services, access to the Internet resources and (or) information posted on them in the interests of all subjects of operational-investigative activity with subsequent notification of the authorized body in the field of communications and the General Prosecutor's office of the Republic of Kazakhstan within twenty-four hours.

      The procedure for suspending operation of networks and (or) means of communication, rendering communication services, access to the Internet resources and (or) information posted on them shall be determined by the joint regulatory legal act of the subjects of operational-investigative activity and the authorized body in the field of communication in agreement with the General Prosecutor of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

      1-3. Operation of networks and (or) means of communication, rendering communication services, access to the Internet resources and (or) information posted on them for the purpose of access to the information prohibited by the court decision that has entered into legal force or the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be prohibited.

      2. Authorized body shall direct the requirement within an hour from the date of receipt on taking the measures on performance of prescription mentioned in paragraph 1 of this Article on elimination of the breaches of the Law for fulfillment to communications providers and (or) to the state technical service.

      3. Communications service and (or) state technical service shall:

      1) after receiving from the authorized body or bodies of national security of the Republic of Kazakhstan the requirement on taking measures for implementation of the order or decision specified in paragraphs 1, 1-1 and 1-2 of this Article they shall be obliged to fulfill it within no more than three hours by temporarily suspending the operation of networks and (or) means of communication, rendering communication services, access to the Internet resources and (or) information posted on them;

      2) determine the person using the networks and (or) means of communications in criminal purposes in cooperation with the authorized body, and when necessary jointly with law enforcement bodies, inflicting the harm to the interests of person, society and the state, as well as for distribution of information breaching the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on elections, containing callings to carrying out the extremist and terroristic activity, mass disorders, as well as participation in mass (public) events conducted with the violation of established order and shall direct notification to him (her) with requirement to take measures on deleting such information.

      4. In case of the person using the networks and (or) means of communications in criminal purposes inflicting the harm to interests of person, society and the state, as well as for distribution of information breaching the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on elections, containing callings for carrying out the extremist and terroristic activity, mass disorders, as well as participation in mass (public) events conducted with the violation of established order deleted it, he (she) shall direct the notification about this to the authorized body.

      5. after receipt of notification mentioned in paragraph 4 of this Article and inspection of its credibility, the authorized body shall issue commission to the communications providers and (or) state technical service on cancellation of requirement mentioned in paragraph 2 of this Article.

      6. Communications providers and (or) state technical service after receipt of the commission from the authorized body mentioned in paragraph 5 of this Article shall be obliged to perform it immediately.

      7. Authorized body, communications providers and state technical service shall bear responsibility established by the Law for non-fulfillment of the procedure for suspension of work of communications networks (or) means of communications determined by this Article.

      Footnote. The Law us supplemented by Article 41-1 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 23.04.2014 No. 200-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after the date of its first official publication); as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 24.11.2015 No. 419-V (shall be enforced from 01.01.2016); dated 09.04.2016 No. 501-V (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 22.12.2016 № 28-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication); dated 28.12.2017 No. 128-VI (shall be enforced upon expiry of ten calendar days after its first official publication).

Article 42. On order of enforcement of this Law

      1. This Law enters into force from the date of official publication, with the exception of paragraph 3, subparagraph 2) of paragraph 5 and subparagraph 2) of paragraph 6 of Article 26 that enter into force from 1 January 2006.

      2. The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 18 May 1999 “On communications” (The Bulletin of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 1999, No. 12, Article 396; 2001, No. 24, Article 338; 2003, No. 1-2, Article 10) shall be deemed to have lost force.

The President

of the Republic of Kazakhstan



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